Tag: Acronyms

What is 3G?

3g is an acronym signifying third-generation mobile phone technology. Based upon higher network bandwidth than the first 2g digital cellular phones, 3g-capable telephones and networks will support video calls, high speed WWW access, multimedia sharin... [more]

What is ADSL?

ADSL is an acronym for the Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. ADSL is the most common consumer form of DSL, the Digital Subscriber Line that makes high-speed Internet access possible over legacy communication equipment. While traditional modems are ... [more]

What is AIDS?

AIDS is an acronym for the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. As the name implies, AIDS is a combination of symptoms and failures of the immune system, caused by an infectious agent. The infectious agent usually associated with AIDS is HIV, the Huma... [more]

What is Ajax?

Ajax is an acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. Ajax is a technique whereby a website can update part of a page without refreshing the whole content. This saves bandwidth and provides for a more interactive user experience. In other words, ch... [more]

What is BIOS?

BIOS is an acronym for Basic Input / Output System. It is the first part of the computer to boot, and usually decides from where to boot the operating system. The BIOS is also responsible for some of the most basic computer interfaces such as keyboar... [more]

What is CSS?

CSS is an acronym for Cascading Style Sheets. CSS is a language used to define the layout and appearance of webpages. The primary purpose of Cascading Style Sheets is to separate the content of a webpage from its layout, therefore facilitating an eas... [more]

What is DRM?

DRM stands for Digital Rights Management. The term refers to a series of technologies aimed at preventing the unauthorized transfer of software, music, games, and other electronic media from a legal user to anybody else. When one "purchases" DRM-enab... [more]

What is an EULA?

EULA is an acronym for End User License Agreement. It defines the relationship between the provider of software and the end user. Usually, the EULA restricts the way a user can use software, such as prohibiting the redistribution of the software or r... [more]

What are FOSS and FLOSS software?

FOSS and FLOSS are two acronyms describing the same thing: software that permits end users to examine its source code, modify it, and redistribute any modifications. The acronyms stand for "Free/Open Source Software" and "Free/Libre/Open Source Softw... [more]

What is FUD?

FUD is an acronym for "fear, uncertainty, and doubt." FUD is often employed as a semi-legitimate marketing tool in the technology sector, in which purchasing decisions are often made by parties who are unable to completely assess two competing produc... [more]

What is GIMP?

GIMP is an open source graphics editor. Often erroneously referred to as "The Gimp", the program's name is properly written in all capital letters, with no preceding "the", to emphasize the acronym GNU Image Manipulation Program. Although GIMP is con... [more]

What is the GPL?

The GPL is the Free Software Foundation's General Public Licence. The GPL is considered the standard open source software licence, and many non-software works are published under the GPL as well. The purpose of this license is to ensure that a work c... [more]

What is HTML?

HTML is the language in which webpages are written. The acronym stands for HyperText Markup Language. The term "Hypertext" refers to the links inside of HTML pages, which allow the user to quickly jump from page to page, and even to different places ... [more]

What is a Laser?

Laser is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. The term originally referred to devices capable of emitting monochromatic (or near-monochromatic) light. As the devices developed and entered into almost every type indu... [more]

What is NASA?

NASA is the United State's official space agency. An acronym for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA is charged with developing tactical aeronautic and space vehicles, space exploration, and monitoring global patterns such as climate ... [more]

What is NTFS?

NTFS is a Microsoft file system. It was introduced in Windows NT and has been the default file system for every version of Microsoft Windows since. NTFS replaced the aged FAT file system and addresses most of FAT's shortcomings. NTFS has been continu... [more]

What is P2P?

P2P is an acronym for Peer To Peer. Like VOIP, the term P2P describes the goal of a class of technologies, not any particular method, protocol, or individual technology. P2P has been the focus of much controversy since the first P2P network, Napster,... [more]

What is a PAN?

PAN is an acronym for Personal Area Network. A PAN is a network of battery or solar powered devices worn on the human body to enhance communication, leisure, productivity, or awareness. Typical devices found in a PAN are a cellular telephone, wristwa... [more]

What is a PDA?

PDA is an acronym for Personal Digital Assistant. PDAs are small handheld computers, designed to be very portable and relatively rugged. Many PDAs have a touchscreen interface, operated via a small plastic pen called a stylus, and four to 12 hardware... [more]

What is PhiML?

PhiML is a general-purpose semantic markup language. PhiML 1.0 was released in August 2007, with the first bugfix coming less than a week later. Unlike XML, PhiML is not derived from SGML and is therefore not burdened with the repetitive syntax typi... [more]

What is RAM?

RAM is an acronym for Random Access Memory. It is a type of computer memory akin to a person's short-term memory. Data that must be accessed quickly is kept in RAM, such as running applications and open files. When a computer does not have enough RAM... [more]

What is RSS?

RSS is a method whereby a website or server can provide a simple summary of its newest content. An RSS file is called a feed. Although this feed is delivered over the Internet just like a webpage, its format is not compatible with standard web browse... [more]

What is SQL?

SQL is an acronym for Structured Query Language. SQL is the standard language for communicating with relational databases. Short requests, called queries, are made to an SQL-compliant database and results are returned. Usually, these results are answ... [more]

What is a UFO?

UFO is an acronym for Unidentified Flying Object. Any airborne vehicle or phenomenon that cannot be accounted for by qualified, experienced investigators using modern, accepted equipment and methods is classified as a UFO. Although UFO's are often at... [more]

What is a URL?

URL is an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator. URL is the technical term for what is often called a "web address". It is the address by which computers and documents on the Internet can be located. The URL was invented by Tim Berners-Lee as one of h... [more]

What is USB?

USB is a connection standard for computer peripherals. The term USB is an acronym for Universal Serial Bus. Specially designed, one-way connectors ensure that computer keyboards, flash drives, printers, digital cameras, [media pl... [more]

What is VOIP?

VOIP is an acronym for Voice Over Internet Protocol. The acronym accurately describes the purpose of the technology, yet hints at the difficulties in implementation to those familiar with IP (Internet Protocol). The term VOIP refers to no particular ... [more]

What is XHTML?

XHTML is a language for writing webpages. It is the newest form of the traditional HTML webpage language, and meets all of the requirements for being an XML language. That means that the language is compatible with modern web browsers, and can also b... [more]

What is XML?

XML is an open format whereby computers and humans can share data. XML files are not intended to be read directly by humans, rather, they are intended to be parsed by a computer. Some types of XML are converted into human-readable form (RSS feeds, fo... [more]

What is XMP?

XMP is an acronym for "Extensible Metadata Platform". XMP defines a standard, uniform way for applications to describe and store the metadata of files. Based on XML, XMP is designed specifically for describing files that is easily parsed, understood,... [more]

What is XSS?

XSS is an abbreviation for Cross Site Scripting. This refers to a type of computer security vulnerability where malicious users can add carefully-constructed comments to webpages with the intention of fooling web browsers. While most websites have fi... [more]

What is Y2K?

Y2K was the abbreviated name of the Millennium Bug. Short for "Year 2000", Y2K refers to a bit-saving technique used in antiquated computer systems in which two digits were used to represent years, instead of the usual four digits. Thus, for example,... [more]


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